9/11 False Flag Attacks on the World Trade Center and Pentagon

The attack on 9/11 was a carefully planned government black operation, with a corresponding cover-up of the mountains of evidence that only point to government control and involvement throughout the attack. Fortunately, the 9/11 truth movement is now led intellectually by scientists and other professionals, as shown by the emergence of various organizations, including Architects and Engineers for 9/11 Truth, Firefighters for 9/11 Truth, Pilots for 9/11 Truth, Scholars for 9/11 Truth and Justice (which includes scientists), Veterans for 9/11 Truth, and the Scientific Panel to Investigate 9/11. The movement also includes several former intelligence officers. Thanks to these professionals, the evidence that the official story is false is now overwhelming. The only problem is to get people to look at the evidence. Once they are willing to do this, they quickly see that the official story simply cannot be true.

About 3340 people died in this attack, including 343 firefighters and police who were trapped in the buildings when they were demolished by explosives. Many firefighters are angry that Mayor Rudolph Giuliani knew the towers was going to collapse and didn’t warn those inside to get out. He claimed “no one can possible expect that airplanes would hit the towers,” which wasn’t true at all. The level of death was more than the 2400 that died at Pearl Harbor, another government-created attack, induced by a six point plan by the Roosevelt Administration to provoke Japan into attacking the US (see Robert Stinnett’s book: Day of Deceit).

The more you learn about the 9/11 attack, the more you will be astounded by the level of conspiracy and coordination it took to pull this off and silence witnesses and participants. None of these things could have been done by foreign terrorists, or anyone else except people with access to government power, including:

  • Radio-controlled demolition charges loaded into the 3 WTC buildings in the months prior
  • Military exercises planned to make sure fighter interceptors were not available and to confuse military radar operators with tens of simulated planes on their screens
  • Planes were swapped for highly modified airline drones
  • Radio transmissions by “hijackers” not on planes were created to confuse ATC
  • Passenger and flight attendant cell phone calls were staged after planes landed.
  • Photographic evidence of passengers boarding the planes were hidden and faked tapes created of terrorists going through security.
  • Warnings were given to select insiders to avoid flying on that day.
  • Certain insiders with advance knowledge shorted airline stocks.
  • All private security camera footage of the Pentagon attack were confiscated within minutes and the Pentagon parking lot video was edited before being leaked.
  • Passengers from the each flight were ultimately taken away and eliminated.
  • All of the aircraft themselves continued to fly in the airline system after the attack.
  • Black boxes were hidden away and replacements falsified to create false recordings data.
  • No aircraft part or black box serial numbers were used to track provenance of crash parts
  • Replacement photo I.D’s and passports of hijackers were planted at crash sites.

(WorldAffairsBrief.com – 9-15-17)

Watch the Following Recommended Videos:

  • 9/11 – The Truth In 5 Minutes – James Corbett
  • The New Pearl Harbor (above) – On the very day of “September 11” several commentators drew a parallel with the historical events of Pearl Harbor. But there was also someone on the same day who offered a prediction. In fact the more information that’s been emerging about “September 11” the more we’ve come to realize that many different aspects of the two events bear a chilling resemblance to each other. While both events were needed by the U.S. to go to war, in both cases the ultimate goal was not the one initially stated.
  • Loose Change: 2nd Edition – Loose Change is a series of films released between 2005 and 2009 which pursue a theory of Government involvement in the 911 attacks on America. They investigate theories, and research evidence unsupportive of the Governments position. The films were written and directed by Dylan Avery and produced by Korey Rowe, Jason Bermas and Matthew Brown. See Final Edition HERE
  • 9/11 Trillions: Follow the Money – Forget for one moment everything you’ve been told about September 11, 2001. 9/11 was a crime. And as with any crime, there is one overriding imperative that detectives must follow to identify the perpetrators: follow the money. This is an investigation of the 9/11 money trail.
  • The 9/11 Chronicles: Truth Rising – Seven years after the attacks of September the Eleventh, a global awakening has taken place, the likes of which the world has never seen. As the corporate-controlled media dwindles into extinction, a new breed of journalists and activists has emerged.
  • Richard Gage: 9/11 Truth and Justice – Richard Gage and he is an architect from San Francisco, California. With all the experience that he has gathered along his career path, he came to the conclusion that the official story, which we are being told, simply must be wrong. Soon after realizing this, he saw that he wasn’t the only one in his field thinking this way and founded the organization “Architects and Engineers for 9/11 Truth”.
  • Incontrovertible – the first and only feature length documentary we have which portrays the frank and candid views of Police Officers, Firefighters and Soldiers as they express their grave concerns about the official explanation for the events of 9/11. The film is intended to act as a practical aid in combating the mainstream media’s propaganda and outright lies concerning the attacks on September 11th 2001. Buy DVD
  • Architects & Engineers on 9/11 – Check out this best ever 9/11 technical analysis by architectural and engineering experts, pretty much proves 9/11 is a lie, even to dyed in the wool deniers. The makers of this excellent documentary can be found here: http://www.ae911truth.org/ and you can order a 2nd excellent documentary (Experts Speak Out) that provides an even wider scope of the facts and the undeniable research of the truth seeking architects and engineers.
  • 9/11: Anatomy of a Great Deception -The Anatomy of a Great Deception is a quasi-political, spiritual docu-thriller following businessman-turned-filmmaker, David Hooper as he deals with the emotions of his own investigation into the events of 9/11. The fast pace and the filmmakers commentary on coping with the emotions involved in finding truth, sets the film apart. “Even though, I didn’t know it at the time, work on this film started in February 2011. Back then I was a regular guy trying to live the American dream, with three kids and a wife, who was pregnant with number four! It started with an innocent question about 9/11. And that lead to more innocent questions. And after a while, I completely changed my opinion of the official story of that day.”
  • Chris Bollyn Lecture at the Open Mind Conference on “The Dual Deception of 9/11 & the Fraudulent War on Terror” – Christopher Bollyn is an investigative journalist and the author of the Solving 9-11 set of books. He has a degree in history from the University of California at Santa Cruz focusing on the Israeli occupation of Palestine. He has written in-depth articles about the Middle East, electronic vote fraud, the dangers of depleted uranium, and the historic and geo-political background leading to the September 11 terror attacks, 2001.
  • Who was Really Behind the 9/11 Attacks? Lecture by James Corbett & The Real Suspects of 9/11
  • SGT Report w/ guest James Perloff – Here’s What Really Happened on 9/11 – On the 16th anniversary of 9/11 author James Perloff joins me to explain what REALLY happened on 9/11/2001. “9/11 Was a False Flag to get into illegal wars” – Former FDNY Rudy Dent
  • Dr. Judy Wood on Directed Energy Technologies used on the WTC collapse
  • Predictive Programming Examples show Foreknowledge of 9/11

Most of the information below is from the folks at 911truth.org, AE911Truth, wikispooks, and 911research.wtc7.net who have put in thousands of hours of research and comprised very informative websites. Thanks to all of the 9/11 individual investigators who have helped to wake up millions to the truth about 9/11.

INCORRECT “OFFICIAL VERSION” via Wikipedia

The September 11 attacks (also referred to as 9/11) were a series of four coordinated terrorist attacks by the Islamic terrorist group al-Qaeda on the United States on the morning of Tuesday, September 11, 2001. The attacks killed 2,996 people, injured over 6,000 others, and caused at least $10 billion in infrastructure and property damage.

Four passenger airliners operated by two major U.S. passenger air carriers (United Airlines and American Airlines) — all of which departed from airports in the northeastern United States bound for California — were hijacked by 19 al-Qaeda terrorists. Two of the planes, American Airlines Flight 11 and United Airlines Flight 175, were crashed into the North and South towers, respectively, of the World Trade Center complex in New York City. Within an hour and 42 minutes, both 110-story towers collapsed, with debris and the resulting fires causing partial or complete collapse of all other buildings in the World Trade Center complex, including the 47-story 7 World Trade Center tower, as well as significant damage to ten other large surrounding structures. A third plane, American Airlines Flight 77, was crashed into the Pentagon (the headquarters of the United States Department of Defense) in Arlington County, Virginia, leading to a partial collapse of the building’s western side. The fourth plane, United Airlines Flight 93, initially was steered toward Washington, D.C., but crashed into a field in Stonycreek Township near Shanksville, Pennsylvania, after its passengers tried to overcome the hijackers. 9/11 was the single deadliest incident for firefighters and law enforcement officers in the history of the United States, with 343 and 72 killed respectively.

Suspicion quickly fell on al-Qaeda. The United States responded by launching the War on Terror and invading Afghanistan to depose the Taliban, which had harbored al-Qaeda. Many countries strengthened their anti-terrorism legislation and expanded the powers of law enforcement and intelligence agencies to prevent terrorist attacks. Although al-Qaeda’s leader, Osama bin Laden, initially denied any involvement, in 2004 he claimed responsibility for the attacks. Al-Qaeda and bin Laden cited U.S. support of Israel, the presence of U.S. troops in Saudi Arabia, and sanctions against Iraq as motives. After evading capture for almost a decade, Osama bin Laden was located and killed by SEAL Team Six of the U.S. Navy in May 2011.

The destruction of the World Trade Center and nearby infrastructure caused serious damage to the economy of Lower Manhattan and had a significant effect on global markets, resulting in the closing of Wall Street until September 17 and the civilian airspace in the U.S. and Canada until September 13. Many closings, evacuations, and cancellations followed, out of respect or fear of further attacks. Cleanup of the World Trade Center site was completed in May 2002, and the Pentagon was repaired within a year. On November 18, 2006, construction of One World Trade Center began at the World Trade Center site. The building was officially opened on November 3, 2014. Numerous memorials have been constructed, including the National September 11 Memorial & Museum in New York City, the Pentagon Memorial in Arlington County, Virginia, and the Flight 93 National Memorial in a field in Stonycreek Township near Shanksville, Pennsylvania.

REAL BACKGROUND AND MOTIVE

In the summer of 2000, the Project for the New American Century (PNAC), a neo-conservative think tank riddled with soon to be Bush administration officials and advisors, issued a document calling for the radical restructuring of U.S. government and military policies. It advocated the massive expansion of defense spending, the re-invasion of Iraq, the military and economic securing of Afghanistan and Central Asia, increased centralized power and funds for the CIA, FBI, and NSA, among a slew of other policies that would, in the near future, be enacted upon their ascension to power. In the same document, they cite a potential problem with their plan. Referring to the goals of transforming the U.S. and global power structure, the paper states that because of the American Public’s slant toward ideas of democracy and freedom, “this process of transformation is likely to be a long one, absent some catastrophic and catalyzing event – like a new Pearl Harbor.” (ibid.)

PNAC members, and signees to its policy documents, include: Dick Cheney, Donald Rumsfeld, Paul Wofowitz, Jeb Bush, Richard Perle, John Bolton, Scooter Libby, Elliot Abrams, Richard Armitage, William Bennet, William Kristol, and Zalmy Khalilzad – men with their hands deep in the private defense, oil, and multi-national corporate industries poised to make vast sums of money and secure huge tracts of power and influence if PNAC policy evolved into U.S. Government policy. Nine months after they rose to power, and assumed central positions of leadership up and down the spectrum of military, civilian, domestic, and international agencies, they got their ‘New Pearl Harbor’. And PNAC policy essentially evolved into the Bush Administration’s official agenda. While this alarmingly convenient coincidence does not prove anything in and of itself, it does establish motive. And it certainly would raise the eyebrows of concern from any serious investigator looking into the facts of September 11.

Another alarming coincidence surrounding PNAC and September 11 has been revealed by attorney Stanley Hilton. Hilton, a graduate of Harvard Law School and former senior advisor and lead counsel for Bob Dole, attended the University of Chicago as an undergraduate in the 1960s. He studied under the infamous Leo Strauss, considered by many the father of neo-conservatism. Fellow students and acquaintances of Hilton’s at the time included Paul Wolfowitz and Richard Perle. In an interview with journalist Alex Jones, Hilton reports that, under the supervision of Strauss, his senior thesis detailed a plan to establish a Presidential Dictatorship using a fabricated ‘Pearl Harbor-like incident’ as justification. He further states that he, Perle, Wolfowitz, and other students of Strauss discussed an array of different plots and incidents ‘like September 11th’ and ‘flying airplanes into buildings way back in the 60s’.

In light of these revelations, it is no surprise that Hilton has been trying to blow the whistle on government involvement in 9/11 for years. He has also filed a lawsuit against the government on behalf of a number of victims’ families. As a result of his actions, Hilton has been harassed, threatened, burgled, and hounded repeatedly by the authorities.

HISTORICAL PRECEDENT

  • 1962 – OPERATION NORTHWOODS: In the early 1960s, the then Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, Gen. Lyman L. Lemnitzer, proposed and submitted a plan to President Kennedy and Secretary of Defense Robert McNamara. “Code named Operation Northwoods, the plan, which had the written approval of the Chairman and every member of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, called for innocent people to be shot on American streets; for boats carrying refugees fleeing Cuba to be sunk on the high seas; for a wave of violent terrorism to be launched in Washington, D.C., Miami, and elsewhere. People would be framed for bombings they did not commit; planes would be hijacked…painted to look like civil airliners, then substituted with drones coordinated to be blown up by a radio signal. Passengers would be swapped, aircraft parts and a few plastic bombs would be planted to give the genuine appearance of hostile foreign involvement. Even mock funerals were to be conducted for mock victims so that casualty lists published in U.S. papers would cause a helpful wave of national indignation. Using phony evidence, all of it would be blamed on Castro, thus giving Lemnitzer and his cabal the excuse, as well as the public and international backing, they needed to launch their war.” Records do not exist detailing what Secretary McNamara thought of the plan, but Kennedy rejected it outright. And General Lemnitzer was reassigned. Bearing in mind PNAC’s potential motive, and this specific historical precedent, it is certainly reasonable to suggest forty years later another similar plan to Operation Northwoods was potentially hatched and planned within the highest levels of the U.S. Government. Unlike Operation Northwoods, however, this paper will show that the latter plot appears to have been approved and executed.

EVIDENCE OF COMPLICITY & FOREKNOWLEDGE

1)  Building 7 imploded late on 9/11/01. It was not hit by an aircraft.

  • Building 7 experienced total collapse, allegedly because of fires, when no steel-frame building before or since has ever collapsed, totally or even partially, due to fires. Building 7 was an over-engineered 47-story steel-frame skyscraper, standing over 350 feet from the nearest of the Twin Towers. Public evidence documents only small fires in it on September 11th.
  • Building 7 collapsed in a nearly perfectly vertical fall, producing only minor damage in the Verizon and Post Office buildings only 60 feet on either side of it.
  • Building 7 collapsed into a remarkably small rubble pile of mostly pulverized remains, when no steel building falling for any reason has ever pulverized itself.
  • Building 7 contained a 15-million-dollar emergency command center, but instead of using it for its ostensible purpose, then-Mayor Giuliani evacuated his team to a makeshift command center as soon as the September 11th attack started.
  • The emergency command center was destroyed along with the rest of the building, even though it was constructed as a bomb-hardened shelter.
  • The remains of Building 7 were rapidly removed and the steel recycled, evidently without any on-site and only extremely limited off-site examination. The rapid disposal operation proceeded despite the fact that no one was believed buried in the rubble, and the tidy rubble pile was not blocking adjacent roads.
  • A WTC 7 Evaluation by the University of Alaska Fairbanks, using finite element modeling to evaluate the possible causes of World Trade Center Building 7’s collapse, determined that the building did not collapse due to fire as explained by NIST. This supports the conclusions of the Architects and Engineers for 9/11 Truth.

2) The Twin Towers (WTC1 & WTC2) exploded into dust and shattered steel, a behavior inconsistent with the known behavior of steel structures outside of explosive demolition. Many people who think they have been keeping up with the revelations of the last several years about the destruction of the three high-rises in New York City on Sept. 11, 2001, will nonetheless be surprised to discover that the falling upper section of WTC 1 exhibited no measurable deceleration when it impacted the lower section. This is a startling revelation because it adds to the collection of “smoking guns” proving that the “collapse” of that building was not caused by the jetliner impact and ensuing fires.

Although theoretically possible, collapses of heavily constructed buildings like the Twin Towers and WTC 7 had never occurred prior to Sept. 11, 2001, without some form of “assistance.” The reason for this is that they are built with significant reserve strength. The construction of each floor is designed to support several times the actual load above it.

The only way a collapse of a structure with significant reserve strength can continue is for the static load to be amplified in what is called dynamic loading. Dynamic loading occurs when the impacting object decelerates. For instance, if during an impact the falling object decelerates at twice the rate of gravity, it will impart a load on the object it strikes that is three times its static load. This occurs due to an additional force with an acceleration value twice that of gravity being added to the static load. This amplified load is represented by the equation F = mg + m(deceleration), where mg is the static load and the m(deceleration) term is the additional load due to dynamic effects. Dynamic loading was postulated in a paper used in the NIST report on the WTC collapses, written by Dr. Zdenek Bazant of Northwestern University. However, Dr. Bazant had not performed any actual measurements to support his theory.

Actual measurements of the descent of WTC 1 were performed independently in 2008 by physics instructor David Chandler of Fresno, California, and Professor Graeme MacQueen of Hamilton, Ontario. Both found no evidence of deceleration at any time during the descent. In fact the upper section of WTC 1 continuously accelerated, at approximately 2/3 of g (free-fall) during the first several seconds of the building’s “collapse.”

The contradiction caused by the lack of deceleration of the upper section of WTC 1 with the dynamic loading event postulated, but never measured, by Dr. Bazant or NIST, is discussed in a published paper entitled “The Missing Jolt,” which can be found online at the Journal of 9/11 Studies and in the Technical Articles section of the AE911Truth website.

Proof that the necessary deceleration is observable in a collapse in which the momentum and kinetic energy of an upper section break the columns in the lower section is found in the demolition of several buildings in France. In recent years demolition engineers there have devised a system known as the Verinage technique, where they demolish buildings without the use of explosives. This technique uses hydraulic rams to break all of the columns in a couple of stories near the center of the building. The loss of vertical support in these stories then causes the upper section to fall unimpeded through a pre-determined distance before impacting the intact lower structure. Watch this video of one of these demolitions – of the Balzac-Vitry building.

In all known measurements of these “Verinage” demolitions, the descent of the roofline shows definitive proof of deceleration of the upper building sections as they impact the lower structure, as seen in the velocity graph of the Balzac-Vitry building demolition below.

Now compare the above velocity graph of the Balzac-Vitry demolition to the velocity graph of the WTC 1 “collapse.”

The same measurement methodology is used in both cases.

There is obviously no deceleration in the fall of the upper section of WTC 1. A “natural” collapse (without the use of explosives) could not have occurred without it. Therefore, this verified scientific data proves that explosives must have been employed to remove the structural columns – and thus to bring down the World Trade Center North Tower.

It stands to reason that if the North Tower was brought down surreptitiously with explosives, then the South Tower must have been as well. Its destruction was similarly explosive, rapid, and thorough, though with a few differences in the features of its destruction.

Some excellent video footage shows experiments and provides additional discussion on why the lack of deceleration by WTC 1’s upper section could not have been caused by simple overload of columns – even though several may have been “cut” by the jetliner impact and others weakened by the ensuing fires. Professional engineer Jonathan Cole and David Chandler have recently produced several brief but cogent videos on the subject:

  1. 9/11 Experiments: Collapse vs. Demolition ~ Part 1 of 2
  2. 9/11 Experiments: Collapse vs. Demolition ~ Part 2 of 2
  3. 9/11 Experiments: Newton vs. NIST
  4. What a Gravity-Driven Demolition Looks Like

Here are some of the anamolies regarding the collapses and the official narrative:

  • The South Tower was struck 17 minutes after the North Tower, and in a less damaging manner, and it had less severe fires, yet it collapsed 29 minutes before the North Tower.
  • The South Tower’s core structure was largely undamaged by the off-centered jet impact, unlike the North Tower, yet it collapsed sooner.
  • The South Tower had much less severe fires than the North Tower, and yet collapsed sooner.
  • Smoke from the fires in the South Tower became progressively darker up to the time of its collapse.
  • A stream of glowing molten material flowed from the South Tower minutes before its collapse.
  • Firefighters reached the crash zone of the South Tower and described controllable fires.
  • Both Towers started to disintegrate at regions above and below the crash zones in the first seconds of their falls. Dr. Judy Wood wrote a book called ‘Where Did the Towers Go?‘ in which she explains how a free-energy technology was used to disintegrate the materials into dust. WATCH VIDEO
  • Both Towers fell straight down, through themselves, following the path of maximum resistance, a behavior never before observed in spontaneous collapses of any type of vertical structure.
  • The collapses of both Towers exhibited features never otherwise seen except in controlled demolitions: sudden onset accompanied by thunderous bangs, visible explosions ringing their perimeters, energetic ejections of dust at regular intervals, and copious production of dust.
  • Both Towers exploded outward and were shredded and pulverized — a pattern of destruction much more destructive than normal controlled demolitions, yet this result was supposedly produced without the added energy of explosives.
  • So thorough and consistent was the destruction of the Twin Towers, that no remains of the distinctive web trusses are clearly recognizable in hundreds of photographs of the rubble in various stages of excavation.
  • Intense heat persisted in the rubble completely unlike anything produced by known structure collapses and/or fires.
  • Settled dust from the Twin Towers was shown to contain residues of aluminothermic reactions, and active thermitic pyrotechnics.There is no conceivable reason for there to have been tons of high explosives in the Towers except to demolish them, and demolition is blatantly incompatible with the official 9/11 narrative that the skyscrapers collapsed as a result of the jetliner impacts and fires.The discovery of active thermitic materials adds to a vast body of evidence that the total destruction of the Towers were controlled demolitions, and to the subset of that evidence indicating the use of aluminothermic materials to implement those demolitions.That discovery also undermines the oft-heard claim that no explosives residues were found, a claim that was never compelling, given the apparent lack of evidence that any official agency looked for evidence of explosive residues of any kind. Worse, the public record shows that NIST not only failed to look for such evidence, it repeatedly evaded requests by scientists and researchers to examine numerous facts indicating explosives and incendiaries .

“Within alternative media are three major schools of thought about this. One is nano-thermite, largely advocated by Architects and Engineers for 9/11 Truth. Another is Directed Energy Weapons (DEWs), whose foremost advocate is Dr. Judy Wood. The third is nuclear devices, which I and a few others support.” – James Perloff

3) Building Collapse Inquiry – The total collapses of WTC 1, 2, and 7 were the three largest engineering failures in history (based on the official story). How were they investigated?

  • FEMA was given the sole authority to investigate the collapses even though it is not an investigative agency.
  • The investigative team assembled by FEMA consisted of unpaid volunteers.
  • The investigators were not allowed access to Ground Zero.
  • The investigators were not provided with the blueprints of the buildings.
  • FEMA’s report states the causes of the collapse “remain unknown at this time”. (By the time the report was released the steel had been entirely disposed of.) The fact that Building 7 (supposedly) failed in a way that contradicts 100 years of engineering experience makes it the largest and least understood structural failure in history.
  • The 9/11 Commission Report failed to even mention the destruction of Building 7.
  • The 9/11 Commission Report denied the existence of the Twin Towers’ core structures.
  • NIST’s report on the collapse of the Twin Towers purports to provide a “probable collapse sequence” for each Tower but truncates its timelines before the collapses even begin.
  • NIST avoided even mentioning the earlier findings of sulfidated and evaporated steel, then described by the New York Times “the deepest mystery uncovered in the investigation”.
  • NIST’s Final Report on the collapse of Building 7 abandons the earlier official claims of severe structural damage and diesel-fueled fires, and blames the swift straight-down collapse on a house-of-cards chain reaction triggered by a single beam breaking loose from its connections due to thermal expansion — a completely novel failure mechanism with no supporting evidence.
  • NIST proffered disingenuous arguments for failing to test for explosive residues, which it continued to repeat even after responding directly to public comments and correspondence pointing out the fallacies of those arguments.

4) AWOL Chain of Command  /Plausible Deniabillity – It is well documented that the officials topping the chain of command for response to a domestic attack –

– all found reason to do something else during the actual attacks, other than assuming their duties as decision-makers.

  • Who was actually in charge? Dick Cheney, Richard Clarke, Norman Mineta and the 9/11 Commission directly conflict in their accounts of top-level response to the unfolding events, such that several (or all) of them must be lying.

Continued on next page…

Posted in Conspiracy, Cover ups, False Flags, Terrorism and tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , .

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.